Cres Island

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Part of the Kvarner bay, Cres island covers a large stretch of land from Jablanac Cape to Suha Cape in the south.

It covers about 400 square kilometers and has a population of 3,238 people. Gorice is the highest peak on the island at 650 m.

Koromacna is the most noticeable locale on the eastern coast - on the western coast the prominent spots are Creska Luka, Valun, Martinscica, and the Ustrine port.

Just off the western coast you'll also find the islets Zaglav, Galiola, Zeca, and Visoki. Trstenik is in the southeast, with Plavnik on the northeast.

Photo of a town on Cres island

The island is quite unique because it contains no water streams, however, in the middle of the island you'll find Vransko Lake - this body of water is quite large. Its bottom reaches 68 m below sea level and the lake contains 200 million cubic meters of water. As a result of this natural marvel, Cres island and Mali Losinj are able to receive a consistent supply of water. The coast also contains several submarine springs.

Because the island is so large, there are subtle temperature and climate differences between the north and the south. The average January temperature in the north is 5-6 degrees, while in the southern part this range changes to 6-7 degrees. At the same time, the northern part of the island receives more rainfall than the amount that falls in the south. In the west it's very warm and humid, due to the bora wind that blows in from the east.

The north is home to a beautiful grouping of trees and forests containing oak, hornbeam, and pine. There is only sparse forestation in the south. In the east pine forests abound, full of lush greenery and the sounds of nature.

The west is where most of the population resides - the town of Cres is the largest settlement area on the island. Most of the inhabitants are involved in farming of olives, grapes for wine, vegetables, seafaring, and fishing.

Let's have a look onto the island - via satellite!

Larger views

If you're into wildlife, Cres island has a lot to offer. The eastern coast of the island is home to white-headed vultures (part of the ornithological nature park created in 1986). Building stone is also extracted from the island, near Osor.

How to get to the island?

You can travel across Cres by taking the regional road connecting all the villages and towns on the island. It will take you from Porozina to Osor, and keeps going to Losinj. Cres and Losinj are connected via a lift bridge with a road. Ships lines also make travel to and from the islands possible.

You can travel by boat from Cres to Losinj, Rijeka, Pula, and Zadar. Ferry lines consist of the following: Porozina - Brestova, Porozina - Rijeka and Merag - Valbiska (Krk island).

Inhabitants of Cres stretch back to Neolithic times. There are Bronze Age settlements on hilltops, as well as hill forts from the Iron Age. It is believed that the oldest inhabitants were the Liburnians.

In ancient Greece Cres was referred to as Apsirtides, from the legend of the Argonauts. The islands were also ruled by the Romans under Emperor Augustus.

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