Croatian People

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Of the total number of Croats (the name given to Croatian people) in the whole world, about 5 million Croats live in the Balkan peninsula or in the islands of Croatia.

The remaining number would be found in nearby Bosnia and Herzegovina or in countries overseas including the United States of America, Germany, Switzerland, among others.

The migration of Croats overseas was influenced by both political and economic problems that fell upon the country since the world wars, the dissolution of Yugoslavia, and the communist regime.

However, despite these unfortunate circumstances that happened in the past, the Croats have remained resilient, adaptive, innovative, unique and able to preserve their roots, tradition, and culture in the face of these trials.

Croatian people in the sunset

Photo: Promenade of Umag with traders

They have been able to turn their fortune around and were able to oust the communist regime and replace it with a more democratic government. Now a republican country, Croatia has managed to achieve economic and political stability and attract international businesses and develop its tourism.

The Secret of Croatia's Thriving Tourism

Yes, the rumors are true that Croatia's beaches are one of the best in the world and that Croatia houses a collection of Roman, Austrian, Christian medieval, and other ancient relics.

That is why a lot of tourists, scholars and summer vacationers have toured the Adriatic coast in the past years.

However, the secret of Croatia's thriving tourism is really simply its people.

Croatian people are very friendly and hospitable. Assertive of their national identity, they nonetheless are very welcoming to strangers from foreign lands. Croats generally are fun-loving people who appreciate good music and good food in the company of other people.

Ethnicity and Religion

About 89.6% of the total population is pure Croat, 4.5% are Serbs while the remaining percentage is comprised of Hungarians, Slovene, Czechs, Romans, and Bosniaks. Moreover, majority of the population is Catholic which amounts to an approximate 87.8% while 4.4% are Orthodox Christians, 1.3% are Slavic Muslims.

Language and Literacy

Most Croats speak the native language although a lot of the educated are able to speak English as well. A small part of the population however, either speaks only one or two of the following languages: Italian, Czech, Hungarian, German, and Slovak. Because of the reforms made with the Croatian education system, the literacy rate of Croatian people has been progressing.

Art, Culture and Sports

What's distinct about Croatians is their rich heritage. Influenced by foreign peoples from both the Eastern and European sides, Croats have a history to boast of. On the many islands of Croatia alone, are scattered relics of ancient monuments including palaces, fortifications, and medieval cathedrals.

The Croatian people share an indissoluble national identity which does not forget local traditions such as the Klapa (a Dalmatian ensemble) and Tamburitza. Apart from these, the epic tradition has also been preserved as well as some folk dances.

Croatians have been recognized in world sports such as basketball and skiing.

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